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Reading practice test 7 THE BIG CATS AT THE SHARJAH BREEDING CENTRE

THE BIG CATS AT THE SHARJAH BREEDING CENTRE
It is one of the few places where you will be able to spot them all at the same time… the
Arabian wolf, an African cheetah, an Arabian leopard, an oryx, a gazelle. These are just some of
the animals, which, on the brink of extinction, are now getting a new lease of life thanks to the
exemplary work being done at the Breeding Centre for Endangered Arabian Wildlife in Sharjah.
Sharjah is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates. The Breeding
Centre’s expertise and facilities have made it a prime destination for illegally imported animals
confiscated by UAE and Sharjah authorities. In the last four years, more than 900 mammals and
reptiles and 969 birds have arrived at the centre, including 25 North African cheetahs, Houbara
bustard and falcons, lions, a baby Nile crocodile and a Burmese python that was left in a rental car
at the airport.
The 25 cheetahs were all imported illegally into the UAE and were intercepted at the UAE
harbour and airport entry points. They nearly all arrived malnourished, dehydrated and highly
stressed after long voyages stuffed into boxes, crates and suitcases. Now they are bright and full
of energy. The Centre’s efforts have also been rewarded when the first cheetah mating took place
at the end of 2002. Playing matchmaker with these beautiful creatures is no easy task – successful
breeding requires considerable patience and intimate knowledge of each animal’s personality, and
it is the result of intensive and expert management of each animal within the group as well as of the
group as a whole.
Because this group was still young and inexperienced in courtship matters, the keepers had
to make the introductions only after careful planning and management, much like the lead role in
a Jane Austen novel. The female cheetahs were initially intimidated by the presence of the male;
however, as they advance to oestrus, the roles are reversed and the male cheetah becomes too
wary to approach during the female’s most receptive phase of the cycle. It is the responsibility of
the keeper therefore to monitor each individual and to be able to respond to any indication from
the cheetahs that the time is right for introducing a pair. The close bond that invariably develops
between the keeper and the cheetahs enables the keeper to spot even the most subtle signs from
the animals in their care. The trust between keeper and animal has also allowed the opportunity to
study cellular changes in the sexual organs of the females during the hormonal cycles that occur
prior to reproduction.
The Breeding Centre’s cheetahs are also participants in the European breeding programme,
which aims to ensure that the genetic diversity of this endangered species is maintained and
expanded by breeding as many founder animals as possible to introduce new bloodlines into the
captive population. In this way, the group held at the centre plays a very important role in the future
health of the international captive population, as they are potentially all new founders.
Also very important for the Sharjah Breeding Centre is the leopard-breeding programme

The Arabian leopard, Panthera pardus nimr, is critically endangered around the world and
particularly in the Arabian peninsula, where it was once found throughout the coastal mountain
ranges. Activities like hunting, trapping and habitat destruction has reduced their range to a few
isolated and fragmented populations in Oman, Yemen and Saudi Arabia.
In the 1980s, a captive breeding programme was established near Muscat with the capture
of three leopards in southwestern Oman. The breeding programme in the UAE was initiated by
the Arabian Leopard Trust and started with the arrival of two mature specimens: a male Arabian
leopard from Yemen and a female on breeding loan from Oman in 1995. The arrival of these two
animals led to the construction of the Breeding Centre in which the leopard has played the role of
flagship species.
Today there are twelve leopards at the Breeding centre, eight of which have been born at
the centre since the first cub in 1998. Once more, the secret to the centre’s success is the close
relationship between animal and keeper. The leopard is usually shy and secretive with people
around, but here they react positively to the presence of their keepers, approaching the fence so
they can be talked to or scratched behind an ear.
The bond is particularly important during breeding season, when keepers decide to
introduce pairs to each other. Male leopards are known to have killed their partners on introduction,
so it is essential for the keeper to understand the leopards’ behaviour to decide when it is safe to
do so. The trust is also important if keepers need to enter dens to check on and monitor the cub’s
growth. Leopard females have been known to kill their cubs if the dens have been disturbed, but
the centre’s leopards are quite comfortable with the staff handling the new generation of cubs.
Questions 1- 8
Use the information in the text to match the statements (1 – 8) with the animals
(A – D). Write the appropriate letter (A – D) in boxes 1 – 8 on your answer sheet.
Write:
A if the statement refers to cheetahs at the Breeding Centre.
B if the statement refers to leopards at the Breeding Centre.
C if the statement refers to both cheetahs and leopards at the Breeding Centre.
D If the statement refers to neither cheetahs nor leopards at the Breeding Centre.
Example Answer
These animals are endangered C

1 These animals were smuggled into the UAE.
2 At first these animals did not adapt to life at the Sharjah Breeding Centre
3 These animals are regarded as the most important animal at the Centre.
4 Half of these animals were born at the Breeding centre.

5 These animals can be dangerous to one another.
6 The role of the keeper is vital in the breeding programme of these animals.
7 The first of these animals at the Breeding Centre were relatively young.
8 It is normally difficult for humans to approach these animals.
Questions 9 – 13
Complete the summary below.
Choose your answers from the box below the summary and write them in boxes
9 – 12 on your answer sheet.
NB There are more words than spaces, so you will not use them at all.

Example Answer
The Sharjah Breeding Centre now has a __________ of variety
animals including birds,…

SUMMARY
The Sharjah Breeding Centre now has a variety of animals including birds, mammals and
(9) __________. As its name suggests, the Centre is primarily involved in breeding and
(10) __________ the numbers of the species housed there whilst still maintaining the (11)
_________ of bloodlines in order to retain genetic health. In spite of problems involving
the complex (12) __________ of the animals, a fair amount of (13) __________ has been
achieved with North African cheetahs and Arabian leopards.

reptiles variety behaviour success creating
expanding difficulty diversity action habitat
season fish change working programme

 

1. A
2. D
3. B
4. D
5. B
6. C
7. A
8. B
9. reptiles
10. expanding
11. diversity
12. behaviour
13. success

THE BIG CATS AT THE SHARJAH BREEDING CENTRE

THE BIG CATS AT THE SHARJAH BREEDING CENTRE

THE BIG CATS AT THE SHARJAH BREEDING CENTRE

THE BIG CATS AT THE SHARJAH BREEDING CENTRE

THE BIG CATS AT THE SHARJAH BREEDING CENTRE

THE BIG CATS AT THE SHARJAH BREEDING CENTRE

THE BIG CATS AT THE SHARJAH BREEDING CENTRE

THE BIG CATS AT THE SHARJAH BREEDING CENTRE

THE BIG CATS AT THE SHARJAH BREEDING CENTRE

 

 

 

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